Luxembourg The Story of Urban Renewal and Community Transformation


Robert Eduard Antal » Urban Innovation » Luxembourg's Urban Renewal Efforts

Contributions and Roles of Member Cities in the Eurocities Network: Spotlight on Luxembourg

Innovation and Sustainability

Goals and Commitments

Luxembourg is committed to sustainability and innovation. The city has set ambitious goals to reduce CO2 emissions and promote green technology. Luxembourg leverages its unique geographical and political position to pioneer innovative solutions to contemporary urban issues.

Smart City Initiatives

Leveraging Technology for Urban Improvement

Luxembourg employs smart technologies to enhance urban life. Initiatives include employing sophisticated software to clean waterways and leveraging data analytics to enhance healthcare services.

Examples of Smart City Projects

  • Deployment of smart sensors for air quality monitoring.
  • Implementation of smart grids to optimize energy consumption.
  • Development of a digital health platform that integrates patient data for improved healthcare services.

Cultural and Social Projects

Engagement and Support for Vulnerable Groups

Luxembourg is deeply engaged in cultural and social projects. The city emphasizes support for vulnerable groups, providing inclusive cultural spaces and social services designed to uplift all community members.

Official City Website:

Examples of Cultural and Social Initiatives

  • Hosting the annual “Diversity for All” festival to celebrate multiculturalism.
  • Establishing community centers that provide resources and support for the homeless and economically disadvantaged.
  • Launching the “Cultural Passport” program, granting free access to museums and cultural events for low-income families.

Urban Planning and Development

Enhancing Livability and Addressing Climate Change

The city of Luxembourg is at the forefront of urban development initiatives aimed at enhancing livability and addressing climate change. Projects are designed to create green spaces, improve public transport, and reduce the urban heat island effect.

Examples of Urban Development Projects

  • Construction of the “Green Boulevard,” a new urban corridor with extensive greenery and pedestrian paths.
  • Expansion of the tram network to reduce reliance on cars.
  • Development of eco-friendly housing units that use renewable energy sources.

Youth and Education

Creating Vibrant Environments for Students and Young Professionals

Luxembourg places great importance on creating vibrant environments for students and young professionals. Initiatives focus on enhancing educational opportunities and providing platforms for professional development.

Examples of Youth and Education Initiatives

  • Opening of new STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) labs in schools.
  • Offering scholarships for students from low-income families.
  • Hosting “Start-up Week,” an event that connects young entrepreneurs with mentors and investors.

Benefits of Participation in Eurocities

Participation in the Eurocities network offers Luxembourg numerous benefits. The city gains access to a platform for sharing best practices and innovations with other member cities. By collaborating on various initiatives, Luxembourg ensures sustainable urban development and improves the quality of life for its residents. The network also allows Luxembourg to advocate for urban policies at the European level, ensuring the city’s needs and innovations are recognized and supported.

City Name: Luxembourg City


Luxembourg City is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It is situated in the southern part of the country, at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse Rivers. The city is known for its picturesque valleys, plateaus, and scenic vistas. It occupies a strategic location near the borders of Belgium, France, and Germany.


The population of Luxembourg City is approximately 125,000 residents. The city is highly diverse, with nearly 70% of the population being foreign nationals, reflecting Luxembourg’s status as a major European financial and administrative center. The population is also marked by a high level of multilingualism, with Luxembourgish, French, and German being widely spoken.

Economic Overview

Luxembourg City is a vital economic hub, significantly influenced by its banking and financial services sector, which accounts for a substantial portion of the city’s GDP. Other key industries include information technology, telecommunications, and logistics. The city’s GDP per capita is one of the highest in the world, reflecting its affluent economy.

Historical Significance

Founded in the early Middle Ages, Luxembourg City has a rich history marked by significant historical events. It was a critical fortress during the European conflicts of the 16th and 17th centuries, earning the nickname “Gibraltar of the North.” The fortress city was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994 due to its historical importance and well-preserved architecture.

Cultural Attractions

  • Mudam Luxembourg: The Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, showcases contemporary art from international and local artists.
  • Grand Ducal Palace: The official residence of the Grand Duke, open to the public for guided tours during the summer.
  • National Museum of History and Art: Houses extensive collections of archaeological, historical, and art exhibits.
  • Schueberfouer: An annual fair held in August, dating back to 1340, offering rides, games, and traditional food.

Education System

Luxembourg City boasts a robust education system, including numerous primary and secondary schools serving the local and expatriate communities. Higher education is anchored by the University of Luxembourg, renowned for its research in digital technologies, finance, and environmental science. International schools also cater to the diverse expatriate population, offering curricula like the International Baccalaureate and European Baccalaureate.

Transportation Infrastructure

Luxembourg City has a well-developed transportation network. The public transit system includes buses, trams, and trains operated by the national rail company, CFL. The city is served by Findel Airport, located about 6 kilometers from the city center, offering flights to numerous European destinations. The extensive road network ensures easy access to neighboring countries.

Urban Development Projects

Significant urban development initiatives include the Kirchberg Plateau Project, which aims to enhance the business and residential infrastructure while promoting sustainable living. Plans for expanded pedestrian zones and green spaces are also underway to improve the city’s livability and environmental footprint.

Environmental Initiatives

Luxembourg City is committed to environmental sustainability. Initiatives include extensive recycling programs, the introduction of electric buses, and the promotion of cycling as a primary mode of transportation. The city also focuses on preserving green spaces and enhancing biodiversity within urban areas.

Quality of Living

The quality of living in Luxembourg City is exceptionally high, bolstered by excellent healthcare services, a low crime rate, and abundant amenities. The city offers a blend of historical charm and modern conveniences, making it an attractive place for both residents and expatriates.

Quality of Life Indexes

  • Mercer Quality of Living Survey: Luxembourg City consistently ranks among the top cities for quality of living.
  • Global Health Index: The city boasts a high rank due to its advanced healthcare system.
  • Environmental Quality Scores: Luxembourg scores highly on environmental quality indicators thanks to its green initiatives and policies.

Profile of Mayor Lydie Polfer


Lydie Polfer

Current Position

Mayor of Luxembourg City, Luxembourg

Political Affiliation

Democratic Party (DP)


  • Law Degree, University of Strasbourg, France
  • Master’s in Political Science, University of Strasbourg, France

Professional Background

Before becoming the Mayor of Luxembourg City, Lydie Polfer had an extensive career in both public service and the private sector. Her career highlights include:

  • Member of Luxembourg Parliament, Chamber of Deputies
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration
  • Vice-President of the European Parliament
  • Legal Advisor in the private sector

Achievements as Mayor

Lydie Polfer has implemented several key initiatives and projects during her tenure as Mayor of Luxembourg City:

  • Enhanced the city’s public transportation network to include more eco-friendly options such as electric buses and bicycle-sharing programs.
  • Initiated the “Green City” project, focusing on increasing urban green spaces and promoting environmental sustainability.
  • Promoted smart city technologies by installing smart street lighting and developing intelligent traffic management systems.
  • Supported urban development projects that combine residential, commercial, and recreational spaces to boost economic growth.

Vision for the Future

Mayor Polfer has a forward-thinking vision for Luxembourg City, emphasizing several major goals:

  • Transforming Luxembourg City into a leading smart city by integrating advanced technologies in public services and infrastructure.
  • Implementing comprehensive sustainability plans to reduce carbon emissions and encourage green building practices.
  • Fostering strong community engagement through participatory governance and community-centric projects.
  • Enhancing social services and amenities to ensure a high quality of life for all citizens.

Personal Life

Lydie Polfer is known for her dedication not only to public service but also to her personal interests and commitments:

  • Enjoys reading and participating in community book clubs.
  • Active in local environmental conservation groups and initiatives.
  • Loves hiking and spending time in nature, often involved in organizing clean-up and tree-planting events.

Awards and Honors

Throughout her career, Lydie Polfer has been recognized for her contributions to Luxembourg City and her outstanding leadership:

  • Commander of the Order of the Oak Crown, Luxembourg
  • European Parliament’s Silver Medal for exemplary public service
  • Honorary Doctorate from the University of Luxembourg for her contributions to politics and society

Luxembourg City: A Snapshot of Quality of Life and Cost of Living

Quality of Life

Located at the heart of Europe, Luxembourg City is renowned for its superior quality of life, supported by an array of impressive indices and services. As a prominent member of the Eurocities network, Luxembourg promotes sustainability, efficient public transport, and educational excellence.


Luxembourg City features a high safety index of 73.55, indicating a relatively low crime rate and a safe environment for residents and visitors alike. This makes it one of the safer cities to live in within Europe.


Boasting a healthcare index of 80.56, Luxembourg City offers top-notch medical services. The healthcare system here is characterized by high-quality hospitals, well-trained medical staff, and accessible healthcare facilities, ensuring comprehensive care for its residents.


Despite a slight urban touch, Luxembourg City maintains an impressively low pollution index of 21.91. The city’s commitment to cleanliness and preservation of natural spaces contributes significantly to its residents’ health and overall quality of life.


With a transport index of 56.31, Luxembourg City’s public transportation system is well-organized and highly efficient. The city is served by an extensive network of trams, trains, and buses that are both timely and reliable, making daily commutes hassle-free.


Luxembourg City is home to reputable educational institutions such as the University of Luxembourg. These institutions boast high educational standards, contributing to the city’s prominence in providing quality education and fostering a knowledgeable community.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Luxembourg City is reflective of its high standard of living. While expenses might be on the higher side, they are justified by the numerous amenities and services available to residents.


Living costs in Luxembourg City include average rent for a one-bedroom apartment in the city center, which is around €1,377.63. Suburban areas might offer more affordable options, but the city center’s convenience and amenities often justify the higher cost.

Groceries and Dining

  • Monthly groceries for a single person: Approx. €101.25
  • Average meal in an inexpensive restaurant: €15.00

The cost of groceries and dining is moderate, aligning with the city’s overall high standard of living. Residents have access to a variety of grocery stores and dining options that cater to different tastes and budgets.


Monthly utility costs for an 85m2 apartment hover around €156.25. This includes essentials like electricity, heating, cooling, water, and garbage services.


A monthly public transport pass in Luxembourg City costs approximately €50.00. This pass provides unlimited access to the city’s efficient and expansive transportation network, making daily commuting affordable and convenient.


  • Fitness club monthly fee: €58.33
  • Cinema ticket: €10.00

Leisure activities in Luxembourg City are diverse and reasonably priced. Residents can enjoy numerous recreational options, from fitness clubs to cinemas, ensuring a balanced and fulfilling lifestyle.

Overall, Luxembourg City encapsulates a high quality of life with comprehensive services and amenities, justifying its membership in the Eurocities network. Although the cost of living is higher than average, the city’s safety, healthcare, cleanliness, transportation, and educational facilities provide excellent value for money, making it an attractive place to live for both individuals and families.

Source: Numbeo

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