Bordeaux Métropole: Unveiling the Vibrant Heart of 28 Communes on the Garonne Banks


Robert Eduard Antal » Eurocities Nominees 2024 » Innovation and Sustainability: Bordeaux’s Ambitious CO2 Reduction Goals

Contributions and Roles of Member Cities in the Eurocities Network: Bordeaux, France

Innovation and Sustainability

Bordeaux is committed to sustainability and innovation by setting ambitious goals to reduce CO2 emissions and promoting green technology. The city actively works towards creating a greener and more sustainable urban environment through various initiatives and programs.

  • Reducing CO2 emissions by 30% by 2030.
  • Implementing green building standards for new developments.
  • Promoting the use of renewable energy sources.
  • Encouraging sustainable transportation methods.

Smart City Initiatives

Bordeaux leverages technology to enhance urban life, making the city more livable and efficient. Smart city initiatives also aim at providing intelligent solutions to urban challenges such as pollution, traffic congestion, and healthcare.

Examples of Smart City Projects

  • Intelligent traffic management systems to reduce congestion and pollution.
  • Smart water management to ensure clean and efficient use of water resources.
  • Digital healthcare platforms to provide remote consultations and improve healthcare access.
  • Smart lighting systems to reduce energy consumption and enhance public safety.

Cultural and Social Projects

Bordeaux is deeply engaged in cultural and social projects that support vulnerable groups and foster a sense of community. The city supports a wide range of initiatives aimed at enhancing social inclusion and cultural enrichment.

Official City Website:

Examples of Cultural and Social Initiatives

  • Cultural festivals celebrating diversity and heritage.
  • Programs providing support and training for the unemployed and vulnerable populations.
  • Community centers offering educational and recreational activities.
  • Art and cultural installations in public spaces to promote community engagement.

Urban Planning and Development

Bordeaux is focused on urban planning and development projects that enhance livability and address climate change. The city aims to create a more sustainable and resilient urban environment by investing in various infrastructure and development initiatives.

Examples of Urban Development Projects

  • Revitalization of the riverfront area with green spaces and recreational facilities.
  • Development of bike lanes and pedestrian-friendly streets.
  • Construction of energy-efficient public buildings and housing.
  • Implementation of urban agriculture projects to promote local food production.

Youth and Education

Bordeaux strives to create a vibrant environment for students and young professionals. The city offers various initiatives and programs to support education, professional development, and youth engagement.

Examples of Youth and Education Initiatives

  • Scholarship programs for local and international students.
  • Partnerships with universities and research institutions for innovation projects.
  • Youth councils and forums to involve young people in decision-making.
  • Internships and apprenticeship programs in collaboration with local businesses.

Benefits of Participation in Eurocities

By participating in the Eurocities network, Bordeaux gains numerous benefits. These include access to a wealth of knowledge and best practices from other member cities, opportunities for collaboration on transnational projects, increased visibility and influence in European policy-making, and access to EU funding resources. The network fosters a collaborative environment where cities can learn from each other and work together to address common urban challenges, ultimately enhancing the quality of life for their residents.

City Name: Bordeaux


Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne River in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is located near the Atlantic coast, bordered by the regions of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Known for its historical and architectural significance, Bordeaux is approximately 500 kilometers southwest of Paris.


As of 2023, Bordeaux has a population of approximately 260,000 people. The metropolitan area, known as Bordeaux Métropole, has a population of around 1.2 million. The city has a diverse demographic composition, with a mix of age groups and a significant student population due to its numerous educational institutions.

Economic Overview

The economy of Bordeaux is diverse, with key industries including wine production, aerospace, digital technology, and tourism. The city’s GDP stands at roughly €32 billion. Bordeaux is internationally renowned for its wine industry, which contributes significantly to its economy. Additionally, the city is home to several technology parks and aerospace companies, further bolstering its economic landscape.

Historical Significance

Bordeaux has a rich history dating back to Roman times when it was known as Burdigala. During the medieval period, it gained prominence as a major port and center of trade. The city prospered in the 18th century, becoming an architectural gem with numerous classical buildings, many of which remain today. Bordeaux played a crucial role during the French Revolution and was an important site during both World Wars.

Cultural Attractions

  • The Place de la Bourse: An iconic square along the Garonne River, showcasing stunning 18th-century architecture.
  • Bordeaux Cathedral: A historic Roman Catholic cathedral, noted for its Gothic beauty and status as a World Heritage site.
  • The Cité du Vin: A modern cultural facility dedicated to the world of wine, offering interactive exhibits and tastings.
  • The Grand Théâtre: An 18th-century opera house noted for its neoclassical design and vibrant cultural schedule.
  • La Grosse Cloche: One of the oldest belfries in France, a symbol of the city’s medieval heritage.

Education System

Bordeaux boasts a robust education system with numerous primary and secondary schools, including both public and private institutions. Higher education is well-represented by the University of Bordeaux, which offers a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs. The city also hosts several specialized institutions, such as the Bordeaux INP and KEDGE Business School, that attract students globally.

Transportation Infrastructure

Bordeaux has a comprehensive transportation network. The city’s public transit system includes buses, trams, and bicycles, managed by TBM (Transports Bordeaux Métropole). The Bordeaux-Mérignac Airport connects the city to numerous international and domestic destinations. High-speed TGV trains link Bordeaux to Paris and other major cities in France, enhancing its connectivity.

Urban Development Projects

Bordeaux is undergoing numerous urban development projects aimed at enhancing sustainability and quality of life. The Euratlantique project is transforming the city’s former industrial zones into vibrant residential and commercial areas. Additionally, the “Bordeaux 2050” plan focuses on green urbanism, public space enhancement, and the development of eco-districts to prepare the city for future challenges.

Environmental Initiatives

Bordeaux is committed to environmental sustainability through various initiatives. The city promotes green energy usage, extensive recycling programs, and urban green spaces. The Bordeaux Métropole has invested in sustainable transportation projects, including electric buses and extensive cycling paths, to reduce carbon emissions.

Quality of Living

Bordeaux is frequently ranked among the best cities to live in France, offering a high quality of life. The city boasts excellent healthcare facilities, low crime rates, and a plethora of amenities such as parks, cultural institutions, and restaurants. It is also known for its vibrant social life and community spirit.

Quality of Life Indexes

  • Mercer Quality of Living Ranking: Bordeaux consistently ranks high among French cities for overall quality of living.
  • Health Index: The city has a robust healthcare infrastructure, contributing to high health index scores.
  • Environmental Quality: Bordeaux scores well on environmental quality indexes thanks to its green initiatives and clean urban environment.

Profile: Mayor Pierre Hurmic

Current Position

Mayor of Bordeaux, France

Political Affiliation

Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV)


  • Master of Laws, University of Bordeaux
  • Degree in Public Law, Sciences Po Bordeaux

Professional Background

Before becoming the mayor of Bordeaux, Pierre Hurmic had a notable career in both public service and the private sector. He served as a lawyer specializing in environmental law and has been an active member of local government. Over the years, he held various positions, including:

  • Municipal Councillor of Bordeaux, focusing on environmental issues and urban planning.
  • Vice-President of the Urban Community of Bordeaux, overseeing sustainable development projects.
  • Founder of a legal firm specializing in public and environmental law.

Achievements as Mayor

Since taking office, Mayor Pierre Hurmic has initiated several key projects aimed at transforming Bordeaux into a more sustainable and technologically advanced city. Some of his notable achievements include:

  • Green Urban Development: Implementation of extensive green spaces and urban forests throughout the city.
  • Sustainable Transport: Expansion of the city’s cycling infrastructure and public transportation network, promoting eco-friendly commuting options.
  • Smart City Initiatives: Introduction of smart traffic management systems and energy-efficient street lighting.
  • Climate Action Plan: Development of a comprehensive strategy to reduce the city’s carbon footprint by 2030.

Vision for the Future

Mayor Pierre Hurmic’s vision for Bordeaux includes ambitious plans for transforming the city into a model of sustainability, innovation, and inclusive development. Key goals for the future include:

  • Smart City: Continued investment in smart technologies to improve urban infrastructure, enhance public services, and optimize resource management.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 through a combination of renewable energy projects, waste reduction programs, and sustainable urban planning.
  • Community Engagement: Increasing participatory governance by involving citizens in decision-making processes through local assemblies and digital platforms.

Personal Life

Outside of his professional responsibilities, Pierre Hurmic is deeply committed to community and environmental activities. He enjoys cycling, hiking, and participating in local conservation efforts. He is also an advocate for cultural activities and supports various local art initiatives.

Awards and Honors

Throughout his career, Mayor Pierre Hurmic has been recognized for his contributions to environmental sustainability and public service. Notable awards and honors include:

  • Green Leadership Award, for his efforts in promoting sustainable urban development.
  • Legion of Honor, France’s highest decoration, granted for his years of public service and dedication to environmental causes.

Bordeaux: A Snapshot of Quality of Life and Cost of Living

Quality of Life


Bordeaux is celebrated for its high quality of life, bolstered by a commendable safety index of 61.88. The city enjoys a relatively low crime rate, making it a safe environment for both residents and visitors. This contributes significantly to Bordeaux’s reputation as a peaceful and secure urban area.


The healthcare quality index in Bordeaux is impressive at 80.38. The city boasts a network of top-tier medical facilities and healthcare providers, ensuring that residents have access to excellent medical services. The availability of advanced medical technology and well-qualified professionals further enhances the quality of healthcare.


Bordeaux maintains a relatively low pollution index of 38.95, reflecting its commitment to cleanliness and environmental responsibility. The city’s efforts to manage waste, air quality, and overall cleanliness are evident, making it a pleasant place to live.


The transport index in Bordeaux stands at 48.36, indicating a well-developed and efficient public transportation system. The city’s infrastructure includes an extensive network of trams, buses, and bicycles that are available for public use. These options make commuting within the city convenient and eco-friendly.


Bordeaux is home to several notable educational institutions, with the University of Bordeaux being one of France’s leading universities. The quality of education offered here attracts students from all over the world, contributing to the city’s vibrant academic atmosphere and intellectual capital.

Cost of Living


In terms of housing, the average monthly rent for a one-bedroom apartment in the city center is approximately €615.83. This cost reflects the city’s balance between affordability and quality accommodations.

Groceries and Dining

  • Monthly grocery costs for a single person typically average around €300. This includes essential items like bread, milk, eggs, and fresh produce.
  • Dining out in Bordeaux is relatively affordable, with the cost of an inexpensive meal averaging around €15. This makes it easier for residents to enjoy the city’s diverse culinary offerings without breaking the bank.


The monthly utility costs for an 85m2 apartment in Bordeaux are approximately €129.04. This includes electricity, heating, cooling, water, and garbage disposal services.


The cost of a monthly public transport pass in Bordeaux is about €33.50. This allows residents unlimited access to the city’s network of trams, buses, and other public transportation options, making it an economical choice for daily commuting.


  • Fitness club fees are around €34.89 per month, offering residents affordable options to stay active and healthy.
  • Going to the cinema in Bordeaux costs approximately €9.50 per ticket, making it an accessible entertainment option for many.

Bordeaux in the Eurocities Network

As part of the Eurocities network, Bordeaux consistently prioritizes sustainable urban living. The city is committed to improving its livability, inclusiveness, and vibrancy for both residents and visitors. Bordeaux’s active participation in the Eurocities network underscores its dedication to addressing urban challenges collaboratively and enhancing the quality of life through innovative solutions and shared best practices.

Data Source: Numbeo

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