Tbilisi: A Captivating Fusion of Old and New Architecture, Cultures, and Cuisine


Robert Eduard Antal

Futurehubs.eu » Urban Innovation » Smart City Initiatives Transforming Tbilisi

Contributions and Roles of Tbilisi in the Eurocities Network

Innovation and Sustainability

Tbilisi is committed to sustainability and innovation as key components of its urban development strategy. The city has set ambitious goals to reduce CO2 emissions and promote the use of green technology. These initiatives are aimed at creating a cleaner, healthier, and more livable urban environment for all residents.

Goals to Reduce CO2 Emissions

By modernizing its public transportation system and encouraging the use of electric vehicles, Tbilisi strives to significantly reduce its carbon footprint. The city actively invests in renewable energy projects and energy-efficient infrastructure to meet its sustainability targets.

Promotion of Green Technology

To bolster its sustainability efforts, Tbilisi has been integrating green technologies in various sectors, including waste management and water conservation. This integration includes the adoption of smart grids and solar energy systems to ensure a resilient and sustainable urban ecosystem.

Official City Website: https://www.tbilisi.gov.ge

Smart City Initiatives

The city of Tbilisi leverages cutting-edge technology to enhance urban life and address complex challenges. Through smart city initiatives, Tbilisi aims to improve public services, environmental quality, and overall quality of life for its residents.

Key Initiatives

  • Waterway Clean-up Technologies: Installation of smart sensors and automated systems to monitor and clean the city’s rivers and waterways efficiently.
  • Healthcare Enhancements: Utilization of telemedicine and digital health records to provide better healthcare services and improve patient outcomes.

Cultural and Social Projects

Engagement in cultural and social projects is a cornerstone of Tbilisi’s approach to urban governance. These projects are designed to support vulnerable groups and promote cultural diversity.

Support for Vulnerable Groups

Tbilisi implements various programs to support elderly residents, children, and marginalized communities. This includes social housing projects, free healthcare services, and educational initiatives.

Examples of Cultural and Social Initiatives

  • Inclusive Cultural Programs: Organizing cultural festivals and events that celebrate the city’s diverse heritage and foster social inclusion.
  • Community Centers: Establishing centers that offer social support, education, and recreational activities for underprivileged groups.

Urban Planning and Development

Tbilisi’s urban planning and development projects are driven by the need to enhance livability and tackle climate change. These projects focus on sustainable infrastructure, green spaces, and smart growth.

Examples of Urban Development Projects

  • Green Corridor Project: Creating a network of parks and green spaces to improve air quality and provide recreational areas for residents.
  • Integrated Public Transport System: Developing a seamless and eco-friendly public transport network to reduce traffic congestion and emissions.

Youth and Education

Tbilisi places a strong emphasis on creating vibrant environments for students and young professionals. By fostering innovation and providing educational opportunities, the city aims to retain and attract young talent.

Examples of Youth and Education Initiatives

  • Startup Incubators: Supporting young entrepreneurs through mentorship programs, funding opportunities, and collaborative workspaces.
  • Education Enhancement: Upgrading school facilities and incorporating technology in classrooms to enhance the learning experience.

Benefits of Participation in Eurocities

Tbilisi’s participation in the Eurocities network brings numerous benefits. These include access to best practices from leading European cities, increased funding opportunities for local projects, and the ability to influence European urban policies. Engagement in the network also facilitates international partnerships and knowledge sharing, fostering continuous improvement and innovation in urban development.

Tbilisi, Georgia


Tbilisi is the capital and largest city of Georgia, located in the southeastern part of Europe, at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. The city lies on the banks of the Kura River, surrounded by mountains on three sides. Key geographic features include Mount Mtatsminda to the west and the lush, green landscape of the Trialeti Range.


Tbilisi has a population of approximately 1.1 million people, comprising a diverse mix of ethnicities including Georgians, Armenians, Russians, and Azeris. The city’s demographics reflect a rich tapestry of cultures, languages, and traditions, contributing to its cosmopolitan nature.

Economic Overview

Tbilisi is the economic heart of Georgia, contributing significantly to the nation’s GDP. Key industries include tourism, finance, technology, and manufacturing. The city is also a major transit route for energy supplies from the Caspian Sea to Europe. Tbilisi’s growing IT sector and startup ecosystem have positioned it as a regional hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.

Historical Significance

Tbilisi has a rich history dating back to its founding in the 5th century AD by King Vakhtang I of Iberia. Throughout its history, the city has been a strategic center, changing hands among various empires including the Persian, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires. Tbilisi was also a cultural and intellectual hub during the Soviet era and played a crucial role in Georgia’s push for independence in the early 1990s.

Cultural Attractions

  • Narikala Fortress: An ancient fortress offering panoramic views of the city and its surroundings.
  • Georgian National Museum: A comprehensive collection of Georgian art, archaeology, and history.
  • Opera and Ballet Theatre: A renowned venue for performing arts in Tbilisi.
  • Tbilisi International Film Festival: An annual event showcasing films from Georgia and around the world.
  • Sulfur Baths: Historic bathhouses offering therapeutic experiences in the Abanotubani district.

Education System

Tbilisi boasts a well-developed education system, with numerous primary and secondary schools adhering to national curriculum standards. Notable higher education institutions include:

  • Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University: The oldest university in the Caucasus region, offering a range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs.
  • Georgian Technical University: Focuses on engineering, technology, and applied sciences.
  • Ilia State University: Known for strong research programs in humanities and social sciences.

Transportation Infrastructure

Tbilisi has a comprehensive transportation network that includes:

  • Public Transit: The Tbilisi Metro system, buses, and minibuses (marshrutkas) provide extensive coverage across the city.
  • Airports: Tbilisi International Airport (TBS) connects the city to numerous global destinations.
  • Connectivity: Well-developed road and rail connections link Tbilisi to other major cities in Georgia, as well as to neighboring countries.

Urban Development Projects

Recent and ongoing urban development projects in Tbilisi aim to enhance sustainability and quality of life:

  • Tbilisi Sea Green City: A large-scale residential and commercial development incorporating green technology and sustainable practices.
  • Old Tbilisi Revitalization: Projects focused on preserving historical buildings and enhancing infrastructure in the city’s oldest neighborhoods.
  • Smart City Initiatives: Implementing digital technologies to improve public services and urban management.

Environmental Initiatives

Tbilisi is committed to environmental sustainability through various initiatives:

  • Green Spaces: Expanding parks and recreational areas, such as Vake Park and Mtatsminda Park.
  • Public Transport Improvements: Promoting the use of electric buses and reducing emissions from public transit.
  • Waste Management: Enhanced recycling programs and waste reduction efforts across the city.

Quality of Living

Tbilisi offers a high quality of living, characterized by:

  • Healthcare: Access to quality healthcare services, including both public and private medical facilities.
  • Safety: Relatively low crime rates and a strong sense of community contribute to a safe living environment.
  • Amenities: Diverse dining, shopping, and entertainment options catering to all interests and lifestyles.

Quality of Life Indexes

Tbilisi frequently ranks well on various quality of life indexes:

  • Livability Rankings: Tbilisi is often cited for its affordable cost of living and vibrant cultural scene.
  • Health Indexes: The city’s healthcare infrastructure scores favorably in regional comparisons.
  • Environmental Quality Scores: Initiatives aimed at reducing pollution and increasing green spaces have improved the city’s environmental quality.

Overall, Tbilisi is a dynamic city that balances historical significance with modern growth, offering a rich cultural experience and a promising future for its residents and visitors alike.

Mayor Profile: Kakha Kaladze


Kakha Kaladze

Current Position

Mayor of Tbilisi, Georgia

Political Affiliation

Georgian Dream Party


  • Bachelor’s Degree in Infrastructure and Civil Engineering – Georgian Technical University

Professional Background

Kakha Kaladze has an extensive career in both sports and politics. Before entering the political scene, he was a professional footballer, playing as a defender for clubs such as Dinamo Tbilisi, Dynamo Kyiv, AC Milan, and Genoa.

  • Professional Footballer – Dinamo Tbilisi, Dynamo Kyiv, AC Milan, Genoa (1992-2012)
  • Founder and President – Kakha Kaladze Foundation (2008-Present)
  • Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Energy of Georgia (2012-2017)

Achievements as Mayor

Since becoming Mayor of Tbilisi in 2017, Kakha Kaladze has launched several significant initiatives and projects aimed at improving the city’s infrastructure, sustainability, and technological landscape.

  • Urban Development: Initiated the Tbilisi Renovation Project to restore and modernize historical buildings and public spaces.
  • Sustainability: Implemented extensive green initiatives, including the expansion of green zones and the introduction of electric buses and waste management systems.
  • Technological Advancements: Launched the Tbilisi Smart City Initiative, incorporating smart lighting, digital services, and high-speed internet across urban areas.

Vision for the Future

Kakha Kaladze envisions a Tbilisi that is environmentally sustainable, technologically advanced, and deeply connected to its residents.

  • Smart City Initiatives: Enhance digital governance and data-driven decision-making to create more efficient public services.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Promote green building standards, renewable energy projects, and expand bicycle lanes and pedestrian zones.
  • Community Engagement: Foster community involvement through town hall meetings, public consultations, and support for local cultural events and initiatives.

Personal Life

Beyond his professional commitments, Kakha Kaladze is passionate about various hobbies and personal interests that align with his public vision.

  • Hobbies: Enjoys football, reading about urban planning and architecture, and spending time outdoors.
  • Personal Commitments: Acts as a mentor for young athletes and is active in environmental conservation projects.

Awards and Honors

  • Order of Honor – Awarded by the President of Georgia for significant contributions to sports (2001)
  • Ambassador of Peace – Title awarded by the Universal Peace Federation for his efforts in energy sustainability and public service (2016)
  • Best Mayor Award – Received international recognition for his achievements in urban development and sustainability (2020)

Tbilisi, Georgia: Quality of Life and Cost of Living

Quality of Life


Tbilisi, the capital city of Georgia, boasts a comfortable quality of life. Its overall safety index is 66.68 (out of 100), which implies a generally safe environment for its residents and visitors. The city’s safety standards make it a reliable choice for families and individuals alike.


Healthcare services in Tbilisi are decent, with a quality index of 51.14. The city has numerous hospitals and clinics that offer a range of medical services. While not the highest-rated globally, the healthcare in Tbilisi is competent, providing essential medical care and specialized treatments.


The vibrant city of Tbilisi has a pollution index of 68.37. While this figure indicates that there is room for improvement in terms of cleanliness, the city is actively working on initiatives to enhance its environmental standards. Efforts are being made to reduce pollution levels and improve the overall cleanliness of the city.


Tbilisi’s transportation system is reliable and modern, with a transport index score of 23.31. The city offers an extensive public transportation network, including buses, minibusses, and a metro system, making it easy for residents to move around. The transportation system is both cost-effective and efficient, facilitating easy commutes within the city.


Education in Tbilisi is esteemed, with notable institutions such as Tbilisi State University depicting quality learning. The city provides a range of educational opportunities, from primary to higher education, ensuring that residents have access to quality educational resources.

Cost of Living


The cost of living in Tbilisi is quite affordable. The average monthly rent for a one-bedroom apartment in the city center is approximately $287.86. This makes housing relatively inexpensive compared to many other European cities.

Groceries and Dining

  • Monthly groceries for one person: around $41.73
  • Meal in an inexpensive restaurant: about $5.14

These costs indicate that daily living expenses in Tbilisi are quite manageable, contributing to the overall affordability of the city.


Monthly utility costs for an 85m2 apartment in Tbilisi are around $69.32. This includes essential utilities such as electricity, heating, cooling, water, and garbage, providing residents with necessary services at a reasonable cost.


The cost of a monthly public transport pass in Tbilisi is priced at an affordable $9.68 per person. This makes commuting within the city very economical, allowing residents to take advantage of the extensive public transportation network without substantial financial burden.


  • Membership to a fitness club: around $28.94 per month
  • Cinema ticket: usually about $5.14

Entertainment and leisure activities in Tbilisi are also reasonably priced, offering residents various options for recreation and relaxation without breaking the bank.

Tbilisi’s Role in the Eurocities Network

As part of the Eurocities network, Tbilisi is committed to engaging in common projects and improving quality of life by sharing ideas and experiences with other European cities. This collaboration aims to promote sustainable urban development and enhance the livability of cities through collective efforts and innovative solutions.

In summary, Tbilisi offers a high quality of life with its safe environment, competent healthcare, reliable transportation system, and quality educational institutions. Its affordable cost of living, including housing, groceries, utilities, and entertainment, makes it a viable and attractive option for individuals and families alike. As an active member of the Eurocities network, Tbilisi continues to strive for improvements, making it a dynamic and promising city within Europe.

All data is sourced from Numbeo.

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